The Economist has published an article on their website this week about the outrage caused when Hong Kong’s education department claimed that Cantonese was not an official language of Hong Kong. Its speakers argue that Cantonese is a language in its own right, but the education department’s perspective is that it is merely a dialect of Chinese, like Mandarin and Shanghaiese. The article discusses the important differences between a ‘language’ and a ‘dialect’.
What is your opinion- do you see Cantonese as a dialect or an institutionalized language? And can you think of any similar examples of languages which are often labelled as dialects, and vice versa?
English, the second most spoken language in the world, has more words than any other language. However, English speakers generally use only about 1% of the vocabulary.
The Cambodian alphabet is the world’s largest alphabet, with 74 letters.
A dialect of Welsh, known as Patagonian Welsh, is spoken in Argentina. Welsh settlers first arrived in the Patagonia in 1865, when they felt that their culture and language was at threat in their native country. It is estimated that around 5,000 – 12,000 people speak Patagonian Welsh as their first language, with a further 25,000 speaking it as their second language.
Only 4% of the world’s languages come from Europe. In comparison, half of the world’s languages are spoken in Asia and the Pacific Islands.
You can see the language families of Asia and the South Pacific on a map by clicking the image below…
Somalia is the only African country in which the entire population speaks the same language, Somali. It is spoken as a native language by roughly 13 million people globally.